<p>Temple dedicated to Tellus, located on the *Carinae (Suet., <i>Gram.</i> 15; Servius, <i>ad Aen</i>. 8.361). No archaeological remains survive, though its 3rd-c. A.D. form is depicted on the Severan Marble Plan (Rodríguez Almeida, <i>Forma</i> pl. 59, frag. 672). Originally vowed by P. Sempronius Sophus in 268 B.C. (Flor. 1.14.2), the temple was built by the Roman people (Val. Max. 6.3.1b Shackleton Bailey: <i>aedem Telluris</i>; Dion. Hal., <i>Ant. Rom.</i> 8.79.3). For a time Cicero lived in close proximity to the temple, and he reports that some Romans asserted that he was responsible for safeguarding it (Cic., <i>Har. resp.</i> 31). Coarelli interprets this passage, as well as Cic., <i>Q Fr</i>. 3.1.14, to suggest that Cicero restored the temple and dedicated there a statue of his brother, Q. Tullius Cicero.</p> <p>Dionysius of Halicarnassus recounts that the Temple of Tellus stood on ‘the street that led up to the Carinae’ (<i>Ant. Rom.</i> 8.79.3; s.v. *Carinae: Streets). Using this reference, and later epigraphic and literary evidence, Palombi offers a convincing interpretation of the Severan Marble Plan which places the Temple of Tellus in the vicinity of S. Pietro in Vincoli, a site securely within the Carinae (156-58, fig. 62-65). Palombi’s location is followed here, but (possibly excessive) caution prevents us from reproducing the 3rd-c. A.D. ground plan on our map of the Augustan city.</p> <p>Coarelli, following Colini, locates the temple on the site of a rectangular concrete foundation found just W of the *Compitum Acili. However, this podium is of Neronian date (Schingo; Palombi 154; *Velia Building [1]) and falls within the confines of the *Velia rather than the Carinae (Coarelli argues for a severely restricted Velia to accommodate his theory); thus it cannot be considered a likely spot for the Temple of Tellus.</p>